Parashat Yitro | Exodus 18:1-20:23

Metaphor abounds in our Torah; there is no shortage of poetic language used to describe God, God’s relationship with us, and indeed, our experience in the world. Among my favorite metaphors within our tradition are those that invoke the natural world; especially animals. We have a classical example of such metaphor in this week’s Torah portion, Parshat Yitro. God calls to Moses from the mountain, instructing him to remind the Israelites of how God “… bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Me.” (Exodus 19:4) Rashbam, an 11th century French Torah Scholar (and grandson of Rashi) remarks that our metaphor is easy to understand. According to him, it might as well read, “I transported you safely over the sea in dry land just like eagles fly over the seas,” emphasizing the speed and safety with which God delivered the Israelites from Egypt. But Rashbam’s grandfather asserts that there is more we can glean from this metaphor.

“An eagle bears its young aloft on its wings,” Rashi writes, “All other birds clutch their young between their legs underneath because they are afraid of another bird flying over them. The eagle, however, is only afraid of the hunter’s arrow… It therefore places it on top of its wings saying: let the arrow rather pierce me than my young.” Rashi’s interpretation offers the possibility not only of efficiency, as Rashbam suggests, but of intimacy as well. The relationship  established between God & Israel at this moment is one of concern, nurture, and deep care.

How are we to understand our relationship with a God that can seem distant, indeed relegated to another time and place? If we are to remember the Exodus from Egypt every day (and we are), and if we are meant to see ourselves in every generation as having been redeemed from Egypt (and we are) then perhaps we ought to imagine an intimate, caring and protective God who wants us to survive and indeed thrive, just as the eagle protects and supports its young.

– Rabbi Callie Schulman

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